Paths and saving files
I'm having trouble with the Path concept. I'm using the ObjC PDFDocument.writeToFile method, but it just crashes Pythonista.
The relevant bit of code is:
outFilename = pathlib.Path(outFilename) pdfDoc.writeToFile_(outFilename)
pdfDoc is a valid PDFDocument object, and outFilename is a path as a string. The location is Pythonistas own iCloud folder, copied from a dialogs.pick_document thing.
@benwiggy See doc of pick_document
The return value is a temporary file. You can read it directly, but to keep a permanent copy, you must move it somewhere else.
and a sample of returned value
See the word tmp , you can not write on it
Ah, I suspected that iOS's restrictions would be the cause. Yes, it's a tmp location path similar to yours.
I suppose I'll just have to save everything to:
outFilename = '/private/var/mobile/Library/Mobile Documents/iCloud~com~omz-software~Pythonista3/Documents/xxx.xxx'
Ah. It's still crashing the app, though.
@benwiggy thus, first question, reason of the crash...
I don't know what the cause is, but it only happens when I uncomment the writeToFile line.
Is there a log somewhere?
@benwiggy This very little and ugly script works...
It picks a pdf and write it as PDFDocument to Pythonista iCloud
from objc_util import * import dialogs fil = dialogs.pick_document() url = nsurl(fil) PDFDocument = ObjCClass('PDFDocument').alloc().initWithURL_(url) #print(dir(PDFDocument)) outFilename = '/private/var/mobile/Library/Mobile Documents/iCloud~com~omz-software~Pythonista3/Documents/xxx.pdf' PDFDocument.writeToFile_(outFilename)
It's complaining about NSURL not having a string parameter for initFileURLWithPath when it crashes, but it doesn't complain about when writeToFile is commented out, which is weird.
I'm trying to convert some MacOS PyObjC code into something that'll work here.
Thanks for the example: I'll give it a try.
@benwiggy is it possible to post your code?
import os from objc_util import * from pathlib import Path import dialogs PDFDocument = ObjCClass('PDFDocument') NSURL = ObjCClass('NSURL') home = "/private/var/mobile/Library/Mobile Documents/iCloud~com~omz-software~Pythonista3/Documents/" def rotate(filename): shortName = Path(filename).stem outFilename = home + shortName + "+90.pdf" pdfURL = NSURL.fileURLWithPath_(filename) pdfDoc = PDFDocument.alloc().initWithURL_(pdfURL) if pdfDoc: pages = pdfDoc.pageCount() for p in range(0, pages): page = pdfDoc.pageAtIndex_(p) existingRotation = page.rotation() newRotation = existingRotation + 90 page.setRotation_(newRotation) outFilename = Path(outFilename) print (outFilename) pdfDoc.writeToFile_(outFilename) if __name__ == '__main__': filename = dialogs.pick_document(types=['public.data']) rotate(filename)
@benwiggy by commenting this line, it works
#outFilename = Path(outFilename)
Brilliant! I told you I was confused about Path !!
Excellent. Hopefully I should now be able to modify all my MacOS python scripts for PDFs along the same lines.
@benwiggy I didn't even know the existence of pathlib 😅
@benwiggy, did you look at using Python PDF manipulation library included in Pythonista? I think you might get a more robust solution with it.
Here’s an example combining all the PDFs in a directory into one file:
#coding: utf-8 from PyPDF2 import PdfFileMerger import glob pdfs = sorted(glob.glob("PDF/*")) merger = PdfFileMerger() for pdf in pdfs: merger.append(pdf) merger.write("Combined result.pdf")
@benwiggy In this case, your script could become:
import os from pathlib import Path import dialogs from PyPDF2 import PdfFileWriter, PdfFileReader home = "/private/var/mobile/Library/Mobile Documents/iCloud~com~omz-software~Pythonista3/Documents/" def rotate(filename): shortName = Path(filename).stem outFilename = home + shortName + "+90.pdf" pdfDoc = PdfFileReader(filename) if pdfDoc: output = PdfFileWriter() pages = pdfDoc.getNumPages() for p in range(0, pages): page = pdfDoc.getPage(p) page_out = page.rotateClockwise(90) output.addPage(page_out) outfil = open(outFilename, 'wb') output.write(outfil) outfil.close() print (outFilename) if __name__ == '__main__': filename = dialogs.pick_document(types=['public.data']) rotate(filename)