A more direct answer, perhaps: As the StaSh README says, StaSh runs by default in Python 2, because not all of its functions work in Python 3.
But I’ve simply taken the
launch_stash.pyscript, and copied it to
launch_stash3.py, then edited the latter so that the first line is:
if you do the same, when you run
launch_stash.pyyou’ll get it in Python 2, and
launch_stash3.pyin Python 3. If you run
pipin a Python 3 StaSh, it will install Python 3 libraries.
You can also use
pip -6 install…, but I’ve found modules installed into Python 3 that way from Python 2 StaSh to be unreliable. You can
importthem, but sometimes they don’t work, and
pip listdoesn’t show them in either StaSh 2 or 3. So I just wouldn’t do it.
I have a Scene-based program where I’d like to distinguish between finger and Pencil touch events.
An example from omz showed how to do this in a
ui.View; in the
def touch_moved(self, touch): ui_touch = ObjCInstance(touch)
then, I have verified, you can check the value of
ui_touch.type()to determine if the touch is from a finger (0) or a Pencil (2).
Unfortunately, I found out if you attempt to do the same in a
touchargument to the methods is not compatible with
ObjCInstance. You get:
ctypes.ArgumentError: argument 1: <class 'TypeError'>: wrong type
so, I’m wondering how I can get at a
Touchobject I can use the ObjC bridge with via a
See some of the examples in this thread
Those are exactly some of the cases I mentioned in my original post that make use of
consoleViewControllerand I said didn’t work. But you write:
In particular, consoleViewController is a objc method of the app delegate. There are some examples of how to get the default font.
As I wrote initially, I saw this, and none of that code works for me—the traceback says
consoleViewControllerdoes not exist. I concluded that given how old it was—and that some other forum posts I found earlier mentioned it had been removed—that it was no longer workable and couldn’t be made workable.
Does it work for you, and if so, did you need to make modifications?
There are some methods to load true type fonts... Under UIFont iirc.
As I mentioned, I tried that as well; I could at best get a path to a ttf file, but couldn’t turn that into something that I could use in
I’m quite stumped as to how to list or select fonts inside a program or from the console. There are some examples here that are said to work, but they’re from posts that are years old and depend on a
consoleViewController()method that appears to no longer exist and for which I can’t find a replacement.
There are a few fonts used in Examples programs, but unless I missed something, all of them are hardcoded.¹
Of course I can use the plus sign in the editor to select a font, but short of selecting each in turn and hardcoding them into my program so that they can, in turn, be chosen from, I can’t figure out how to give the user of my program a font chooser. (And since I have extra fonts that may not be the same as your extra fonts, even that hardcoding tactic is unlikely to work.)
When I saw that
ImageFont.truetype()had been modified for Pythonista, I thought perhaps I could use
matplotlib.font_managerto find TrueType files, but it appears the
matplotlibFontManager can only see files inside the
matplotlibdistribution (mostly Vera fonts), and even so, the FontManager’s outputs can’t be used in a
console.set_font()call or a
truetype()call—I haven’t tried other font methods outside
matplotlib, but I assume they’d act the same.
A code snippet that would simply list assign the known fonts to a list and then use one of them would at least get me started. Apologies if I’m missing something very obvious.
Btw: is there a reason that
console.set_font()either can be run with 2 valid arguments (which changes the font), or 0 arguments (which resets the font to default), but if you run, say,
console.set_font('NoSuchFont', 18), you simply get a null-op—it neither throws an exception, nor resets the font? (Also, I can’t find a
console.get_font()equivalent, even by digging through the guts of
console—it seems like the currently selected font isn’t stored anywhere.)
¹ Not all of them are directly hardcoded; some are stored in variables that then get used. But they’re all hardcoded in appearing in the text of the program rather than being programmatically found.
Please, first, try this little script without external keyboard, by pressing &h*, you will see a θ
in your input field, in any app, if you use this script as custom keyboard.
Then, don't change which keyboard is active (no globe key) and connect your Bluetooth keyboard. If your keyboard is coherent with the Pythonista QWERTY standard keyboard, the script will also work.
No—I get normal QWERTY behavior from the hardware keyboard.
For me, it does not because if I tap & or * on my keyboard, other keys are generated.
Okay, but you can work around that. Here’s a script that—if it works as you say—should put asterisks before any character you type, and since it doesn’t care about the character, it shouldn’t matter QWERTY, AZERTY, or whatever:
#!python3 import keyboard import ui class KeyboardInfoView(ui.View): def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): super().__init__(self, *args, **kwargs) self.background_color = '#00436e' def kb_should_insert(self, text): keyboard.insert_text(u'*') return '*' if __name__ == '__main__': v = KeyboardInfoView() keyboard.set_view(v, mode='minimized')
Thus, with external keyboard, we get data but not obviously the same key as expected.
I don’t believe that’s true. Try the above script. If it outputs
*when you type hardware keyboard keys, then you are right. But it doesn’t for me. Your AZERTY keyboard shouldn’t matter in this case.
with an external keyboard, it does absolutely nothing that I can see.
I can't test anything, I don't have any external keyboard
You really don’t have access to a single Bluetooth keyboard, nor a “Camera connection” dongle whose USB port you can use to hook up your desktop USB keyboard? You don’t need a special iPad or iOS-compatible keyboard.
I’m speed throttled from replying to your multiple messages, so I’ll reply here:
Could you give an example, please
I did give three examples, in the words immediately after the ones you copy-pasted—“like Vim or Emacs offer, or RFC 1345 encoding”.
If you mean how would it work, in RFC1345 encoding you type some character to enter RFC1345 encoding—ampersand is common—and then you type a sequence of from one to three ASCII characters that mnemonically get you a character elsewhere in Unicode space. For instance, to type θ, you press
&h*—all the Greek letters are the matching letter followed by asterisk, so capital Θ is typed
&H*. There are no ambiguous subsequences, so when you finish you immediately get the character and can continue typing ASCII or another sequence starting
It’s slow for typing full texts in other languages, but for cases like International Phonetic Alphabet, math notation, or programming languages that use non-ASCII unicode, it’s quite handy. Even things like typing characters that require the ⌥ key on Macs into ASCII-only inputs.
Did the input_changed method get called at all?
No, not if I hid the onscreen keyboard. (At least, assuming playing a sound on each
input_changed()call—which works with the software keyboard—should also work with the HW keyboard.) My bluetooth keyboard has a button to toggle it on and off, though the Apple keyboards do not have such a key. (I presume there’s a normal key combo I don’t know to do this, from the way other special keys work. Not the globe key—this toggle key on my keyboard, I believe, either tells iPadOS “show me the onscreen keyboard even with the Bluetooth keyboard active”, or it changes its HID/SPP presentation so it’s a secondary keyboard. I’m not sure.)
But the crucial takeaway is that, even when the onscreen keyboard is visible and active, keypresses on the hardware keyboard do not trigger
The only reason I think there really should be some way to interact with the hardware keyboard is that, when you switch keyboards to Pythonista or any other third-party software keyboard, the hardware keyboard goes to plain QWERTY—when I have it set up via Settings (General → Keyboard → Hardware Keyboard) to do Dvorak. Yet, when I’m using the default Apple keyboard setup, the onscreen keyboard is QWERTY but the hw keyboard remains in Dvorak. Literally at this moment I type this, I have the Apple standard onscreen keyboard showing QWERTY, but I’m typing in Dvorak. (And if I do peck at the screen, the keys come out as shown in QWERTY, not Dvorak. I have it set up that way, you can make the the software keyboard Dvorak too, if you so choose.)
Honestly, it is not clear that the kb would get callbacks from an external keyboard -- i can't find anything in iOS docs that says it would. Since a kb extension is for converting user interaction into text, I can see reasons for not passing direct entry through a separate set of callbacks. Also, if the kb is not on screen, I'm not sure it is being called at all.
That would comport exactly with the behavior I’m seeing. That would really be disappointing. It would explain, though, why there are no hardware-kb-compatible keyboards on the App Store for things like unusual/custom keymaps or for languages Apple doesn’t directly support, like many Native American languages and Esperanto—if the OS doesn’t support it at all for App Store keyboards, Pythonista can’t do it either.
I was interested in this same question and created a forum account intending to ask it when I saw this thread already active.
So, I just tried the “BEF END” test script above (the latter one, “A little bit better), and it works as advertised in some programs (such as the Pythonista editor itself) when you tap “return” on the onscreen keyboard, except for one thing—it makes the text view jump down so that the typed text is offscreen.
In other apps (such as typing into this very text field in the forum using Safari), it only partially works with the software keyboard—it inserts BEF, but never END.
But with an external keyboard, it does absolutely nothing that I can see. Well, it does do one thing: my standard layout is Dvorak, but switching to Pythonista keyboard, the HW keyboard becomes QWERTY again.
I tried the key_command mentioned, too, and it is never called.
Btw, the problem I was hoping to solve was a multilingual keyboard—using switchable input methods like Vim and Emacs offer, or RFC 1345 encoding, letting me type multilingual text without having to learn the native keyboard layouts for each script.